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Never failed to get at least a smile in return.
Slot machines remain the most important money-making part of casinos in the United States.
In many states, casinos make between and percent of their gambling income from slots.
In Las Vegas, the percentage varies from in casinos that cater primarily to locals to on the Las Vegas Strip, where high rollers betting tens of thousands a dollar a hand skews the results in favor best vegas slot machines table games.
Every day, players put millions of dollars into slot machines.
A modern slot machine is simple to play.
Players insert currency, decide on their bet amount, press spin, and hope for the best.
Video poker best vegas slot machines a best vegas slot machines variant of video slot in which players can use some skill in holding the most advantageous cards.
All other slot machines, whatever their branding, are games of pure chance.
The chance aspect of slot machines is what makes them so appealing to so many people.
In the end, it all comes down to luck.
Schwartz Slot machines appeal to casinos because they are, as long as enough people play them, stable money-makers.
click the following article explain why they are so reliable for casinos, I talked to Bob Ambrose, who broke into the industry at the Tropicana Atlantic City in the early 1980s and is today a gaming consultant and casino management instructor at Fairleigh Dickinson University.
That is the money deposited by the player in the machines.
Another number you might hear is handle, which Ambrose defines as the total amount bet by a player.
How can a player bet more money than she puts in?
So how do slot machines decide who wins and who loses?
Pressing spin activates the random number generator, which is an algorithm that determines whether each spin is a win or a loss, and how best vegas slot machines a win is.
Each game, Ambrose says, has a set hold percentage and a pay best vegas slot machines that details how often and how much games will pay back.
So while the potential payoff from a high volatility game can be bigger, your money will usually buy you more time playing on a low volatility game.
Can a player get an edge on a slot which relies on pure chance?
Most jurisdictions mandate that slots return a set minimum amount to players 85 percent is the magic number in Nevada, though most machines return more than that on average.
And that is the appeal of slots, to casino manager and jackpot hunter alike.
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Check out my or some of my other work.
I grew up in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and worked in casinos there, catching bad guys best vegas slot machines selling nuts not simultaneously.
That's how I got interested in studying… Read More I grew up in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and worked in casinos there, catching bad guys and selling nuts not simultaneously.
That's how I got interested in studying casinos, gambling, games, and tourism.
Day job is directing the Center for Gaming Research and teaching history at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.
Personal highlight: being interviewed by Henry Rollins for "Ten Things You Don't Know About Las Vegas.

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Online Slot Machines Since there are many people who play slots online I will talk about this type of play first, and then go on to the actual casinos.
The online and the actual slots have one very important feature in common.
They best vegas slot machines use a computer chip known as a random number generator.
This device determines the outcome of your bet.
Whether you click a mouse to start a spin or pull down an arm, whatever the random number was at the time governs the result.
This number changes here than a thousand times a second.
Slot Machine Strategy So when I tell you that slots are luck and not skill, you now know the reason.
A computer chip has your decisions already determined.
However, there are some things that can be done by way of money management to affect your play.
Many online casinos give you bonus money when you deposit funds into your account to play.
The amounts vary, but 10% per deposit is not unusual.
If you just want to sit back and play in a relaxed manner, many of the casinos have a nickel bet on their slots.
Online slots are designed to pay off at rates between 85% to 97%.
Keep in mind that this does not mean you can only lose the amount of money the machine is designed to hold back.
It simply means that over a very long period of time with infrequent jackpots, the machine pays off at this rate you will lose 15% to 3% of your cash in the long-run.
As stated, it is widely believed that the highest paying slots are the ones that require the largest amounts to play, and the worst paying ones are the nickel and dime ones.
Another approach to a better pay off is when you have the option of choosing 1 to 5 coins — always select the maximum.
When you have the option of lines, play the maximum number too these give you multiple ways to win.
Also, if the online casino offers bonus points or has a https://clearadultskin.com/best/best-casinos-on-mississippi-gulf-coast.html club, it is usually best to take advantage of the offer.
Slot Bonuses As mentioned, you will eventually lose at slots by about 15% to 3% if you play long enough.
However, like all gambling, you can definitely hit winning streaks and if you are lucky, walk away with some extra cash.
One thing slot machine makers do to entice players and make the game more entertaining involves slot bonuses.
Casinos often have an exciting bonus round with flashing lights and high-tech animations designed by some of the best game designers in the world.
It actually makes playing what would normally be a fairly dull game very exciting.
In any case, it is a lot of fun and you could hit a big win during a bonus round that can really add up.
Going To A Real Casino Playing slots at a real live casino gives us certain opportunities that we do not have online.
But always keep in mind that a computer chip is generating random numbers that determine the outcome of the bet.
The bells, whistles and spinning wheels are just for show.
The outcome is exactly the same if you pull on the mechanical slot handle, or press the spin button.
That is why the casino devotes so much room to them.
The very same payouts apply to the casino slots as the online ones — 85% to 97%.
Just as with the online slot machines, there is no guarantee of these payouts in the short term.
It is also true that the higher amount slots pay off better than the lower amount machines.
How to Pick the Best Slot Machines Obviously, it is better to play on a looser payout slot.
Here are two suggestions on how to locate them.
Play where the locals play.
The idea being that they know where the looser slots are to be found.
Some casinos have a raised area loaded with slot machines.
Often these units pay well because when they do, it puts on a show for the casino patrons.
Casinos have been known to put looser slots in well traveled areas to attract people to play.
If you see a slot machine that just paid off nicely, it could be a possible sign that this machine has better winning odds.
Once the person leaves you can take over the hopefully looser slot machine.
Likewise, it is probably a good idea to avoid sitting next to a machine that is paying off well, since casinos usually spread out the limited looser machines and put tighter machines next to a lose one to offset the lower revenue.
Progressive Slots Another attractive aspect about slots are the large payouts.
Many of the slots have a progressive payout, which means as the play on the machine increases the jackpot raises.
Sometimes they link a few slots together to raise the jackpot very high.
Betting the maximum number of coins on a spin will best vegas slot machines your chance of winning.
Usually the choice is between 1 and 5 coins.
The odds are very low, but you can literally win millions if you hit the jackpot on some progressive payout slot machines.
Slot Machine Tips Here are some great tips to help you get the most out of your slot playing experience.
ALWAYS INSERT YOUR SLOT CLUB CARD Using your card can increase the payback of the machine you are playing by as much as one percent.
It just takes a few minutes to join a slot club and there is no downside.
It also qualifies you to get rated, which translates to free comps at hotels, like free shows, dining, and even hotel rooms.
Do this before you risk any money in the casino.
Make sure to take your card out before you leave the slot machine.
It is easy to forget it.
PLAY ONLY WHAT YOUR BANKROLL CAN HANDLE You will need to have an estimate of the cost per hour a machine will take.
This depends on the type of machine, payout rate, and how you bet.
The following examples best vegas slot machines based on an average of 8 spins per minute and a 90% payout rate.
In order best vegas slot machines stay within this budget you should not play anything over a 3 coin quarter machine e.
BE CERTAIN YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR Slot machines are like any machine and get wear and tear.
They can also malfunction.
One of the best ways to protect yourself against a malfunction is to observe the listed payout schedule and the paylines to be sure the correct sections light up, showing that they are properly activated.
If you hit a winning combination that does not pay because only two of your three coins registered, you are out of luck.
If one of your coins does not register, be sure to contact an attendant or press the change button and wait for someone to arrive.
ONLY PLAY ONE MACHINE AT A TIME Casino managers know that some people like to play two side-by-side slots at the same time, so they often put a loose machine with the tight one on both sides: loose machine tight machine loose machine At best, you will win from a loose machine only to lose best vegas slot machines winnings to a tight one, or you will lose to two tight machines.
Every casino has far fewer loose machines than tight ones and they rarely place them together.
You might consider waiting for the winner to leave and then playing the same potentially loose machine.
It may best casino in tahoe a hot machine that could continue to pay out nicely.
OBSERVE OTHER PLAYERS WHO ARE WINNING Watch players who are hitting jackpots and winning regularly, and keep an eye and ear out for sudden big winners.
Many times, big winners cash in and leave their machine while it is still hot.
If you see that happen and you are on a cold machine, move over to the hot machine and give it a try.
Many slot players think a machine will turn cold after a big payout, so they leave.
The truth is that it is more likely to still be in a hot cycle.
It is a hard concept to grasp, but once you do, it will give you the biggest edge when playing slots.
ABANDON A COLD MACHINE If after six spins the machine has paid very little, abandon it.
If the machine next to it is available, move over and try the new machine that may be loose.
Remember, tight and loose machines are usually next to each other.
NEVER LEAVE A MACHINE THAT OWES YOU MONEY Sometimes when you hit a big jackpot, an attendant has to approve the payoff, or you may run into a situation where the machine runs out of payout tickets.
If you find a machine that still uses real coins they do existthe machine may run out of coins.
Stay with the machine no matter how long it takes to get the attendant to arrive.
Stay with the machine.
If you leave the machine to get an attendant you may have trouble claiming what is rightfully yours.
REMEMBER TO PRESS THE CASH OUT BUTTON Most slot machines accumulate credits as you play, and you must press the CASH OUT button in order to convert the credits into actual money.
Even if you have just won a jackpot, before leaving the machine, be sure to press the CASH OUT button and be sure the credit meter reads zero.
With cash ticket machines, always check the ticket slot.
If you are distracted when you leave your machine and forget to retrieve the ticket, someone else will get to enjoy your winnings.
REMEMBER THE MOST IMPORTANT RULE: QUIT WHEN YOU ARE AHEAD AND NEVER QUIT DURING A WINNING STREAK.

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Security Finding a Video Poker Bug Made These Guys Rich—Then Vegas Made Them Pay Michael Friberg John Kane was on a hell of a winning streak.
On July 3, 2009, he walked alone into the high-limit room at the Silverton Casino in Las Vegas and sat down at a video poker machine link the Game King.
On July 3, 2009, he walked alone into the high-limit room at the Silverton Casino in Las Vegas and sat down at a video poker machine called the Game King.
All the while, the casino's director of surveillance, Charles Williams, was peering down at Kane through a camera hidden in a ceiling dome.
Tall, with a high brow and an aquiline nose, the 50-year-old Kane had the patrician bearing of a man better suited to playing a Mozart piano concerto than listening to the chirping of a slot machine.
Even his play was refined: the way he rested his long fingers on the buttons and swept them in a graceful legato, smoothly selecting good cards, discarding bad ones, accepting jackpot after jackpot with the vaguely put-upon air of a creditor finally collecting an overdue debt.
Williams could see that Kane was wielding none of the array of cheating devices that casinos had confiscated from grifters over the years.
He wasn't jamming a light wand in the machine's hopper or zapping the Game King with an electro­magnetic pulse.
He was simply pressing the buttons.
But he was winning far too much, too fast, to be relying on luck alone.
Now Williams knew something was wrong: The cards dealt on the screen were the exact same four deuces and four of clubs that yielded Kane's previous jackpot.
The odds against that were astronomical.
Williams called over the executive in charge of the Silverton's slots, and they reviewed the surveillance tape together.
The evidence was mounting that Kane had found something unthinkable: the kind of thing gamblers dream of, casinos dread, and Nevada regulators have an entire auditing regime to prevent.
He'd found a bug in the most popular video slot in Las Vegas.
He contacted the Silverton's head of security, a formidable character with slicked-back silver hair and a black suit, and positioned him outside the slot area.
His orders: Make sure John Kane doesn't leave the casino.
Virtuoso pianist John Kane discovered an exploitable software bug in Game King poker machines.
Michael Friberg Kane had discovered the glitch in the Game King three months earlier on the other end of town, at the unpretentious Fremont Hotel and Casino in downtown's Glitter Gulch.
He was overdue for a lucky break.
Since the Game King had gotten its hooks in him years earlier he'd lost between tens of thousands and hundreds of thousands annually.
At his previous haunt, the locals-friendly Boulder Station, he blew half a million dollars in 2006 alone—a pace that earned him enough Player's Club points to pay for his own Game King to play at his home on the outskirts of Vegas, along with technicians to service it.
The machine was just for fun—it didn't pay jackpots.
You put some money in the machine, place a bet of one to five credits, and the computer deals you a poker hand.
Select the cards you want to keep, slap the Draw button, and the machine replaces the discards.
Your final hand determines the payout.
When the first video poker machine hit casinos in the 1970s, it was a phenomenal success—gamblers loved that they could make decisions that affected the outcome instead of just pulling a handle and watching the reels spin.
The patent holder started a company called International Game Technology that debuted on the Nasdaq in 1981.
IGT's key insight was to tap into the vast flexibility offered by computerized gambling.
In 1996, the company perfected its formula with the Game King Multi-Game, which allowed players partypoker macro choose from several variations on video poker.
Casinos snatched up the Game King, and IGT sold them regular firmware upgrades that added still more games to the menu.
On September 25, 2002, the company released its fifth major revision—Game King 5.
You might also like:The bug survived like a cockroach for the next seven years.
It passed into new revisions, one after another, ultimately infecting 99 different programs installed in thousands of IGT machines best vegas slot machines the world.
As far as anyone knows, it went completely undetected until late April 2009, when John Kane was playing at a row of four low-limit Game Kings outside the entrance to a Chinese fast food joint at the Fremont, smoke swirling around him and '90s pop music raining down from the casino sound system.
He'd been switching between game variations and racking up a modest payout.
Kane hadn't even played a new hand, so he knew there was a mistake.
He told a casino attendant about the error, but the worker thought he best vegas slot machines joking and gave him the money anyway.
At that point, Kane could have forgotten the whole thing.
Instead, he called a friend and embarked on the biggest gamble of his life.
Superstitious and prone to hunches, he'd felt it coming for days: April 30, 2009, would be exactly 15 years since Nestor ignored an urge to play a set of numbers that came up in the Pennsylvania lottery Big 4.
That was the story of his life—always playing the right numbers at the wrong time.
Games of chance had been courting and betraying Nestor since he was old enough to gamble.
In 2001 he'd moved to Las Vegas to be closer to the action, answering phones for a bank during the day and wagering his meager paycheck at night.
That's when he met John Kane in an AOL chatroom for Vegas locals.
Though Nestor was 13 years younger than Kane and perpetually flirting with poverty, they developed an intense addicts' friendship.
For about two years he had a stable life, living off public assistance, gambling infrequently, and playing the occasional lottery ticket.
Then Kane called to tell him about a bug he'd found in video poker.
Nestor drove to the airport that night and camped there until the next available flight to Las Vegas.
Kane picked him up at the curb at McCarran airport.
After a quick breakfast, they drove to the Fremont, took adjacent seats at two Game Kings, and went to work.
Kane had some idea of how the glitch operated but hadn't been able to reliably reproduce it.
Working together, the two men began trying different combinations of play, game types, and bet levels, sounding out the bug like bats in the dark.
It turned out the Game King's endless versatility was also its fatal flaw.
In addition to different game variants, the machine lets you choose the base level of your wagers: At the low-limit Fremont machines, you could select six different denomination levels, from 1 cent to 50 cents a credit.
That meant you could play at 1 cent per credit for hours, losing pocket change, until you finally got a good hand—like four aces or a royal flush.
Then you could change to 50 cents a credit and fool the machine into re-awarding your payout at the new, higher denomination.
Performing that trick consistently wasn't easy—it involved a complicated misdirection that left the Game King's internal variables in a state of confusion.
But after seven hours rooted to their seats, Kane and Nestor boiled it down to a step-by-step recipe that would work every time.
Nestor and Kane each rang up a few jackpots, then broke for a celebratory dinner, at which they planned their next move.
They would have to expand beyond the Fremont before the casino noticed how much they were winning.
Fortunately, Game Kings are ubiquitous in Vegas, installed everywhere from the corner 7-Eleven to the toniest luxury casino.
They mapped out their campaign and then headed back to Kane's home for the night.
Kane lived in a spacious house at the far northeast edge of town.
His Game King was in the foyer.
A spare bedroom down the hall was devoted entirely to a model train set, an elaborate, detailed miniature with tracks snaking and climbing through model towns, up hills, across bridges, and through tunnels, every detail perfect.
The home's centerpiece was the living room with its three Steinway grand pianos.
Kane is a virtuoso pianist; in the early 1980s he was a leading dance accompanist in the Chicago area, and even today he sells recordings under the vanity label Keynote Records.
He left the professional music world only after failing to advance in the prestigious Van Cliburn International Piano Competition.
Now he ran a manage­ment consulting practice that claimed one-third of the Fortune 100 as clients.
Kane's business was lucrative, so he was accustomed to handling money.
But now that they were on click verge of a windfall, he was worried about Nestor; he could see his younger friend returning every cent to the casinos at the roulette tables or blowing it all on frivolities.
He wanted Nestor to make a list and really think best vegas slot machines his priorities.
Nestor started a list, but it would prove unnecessary.
After another day at the Fremont, they branched out.
To their surprise, the button sequence didn't work.
Over the following days, they explored the Hilton, the Cannery, then the Stratosphere, Terrible's, the Hard Rock, the Tropicana, the Luxor, and five other casinos, drawing the same dismal results everywhere.
For some reason, the Game King glitch was only present at the Fremont.
Kane decided to wring what he could from the four Fremont machines.
He learned to speed up the process by using the Game King's Double Up feature, which gave players a chance to double their winnings or lose everything.
Respectable payouts that might once have satisfied Kane were garbage now.
Unsurprisingly, the Fremont noticed.
In modern casinos, every slot machine in the house is wired to a central server, where statistical deviations stick out like a fifth ace.
On May 25, a slot manager approached Kane after one of his wins and announced that he was disabling the Double Up feature on all of the Game Kings—he was aware that Kane used the option copiously, and he figured it must have something to do with his run of luck.
Kane took the development in stride: The bug, not the Double Up, was see more real secret of his success.
But he was in for a shock.
The next time he played the Game King, the magic button sequence no longer worked.
In an instant, the Fremont was no better than all the other casinos that had been immune to the glitch.
He phoned Nestor, who processed the news.
With the Double Up option turned on, the bug worked; turned off, it didn't.
Whatever internal stew of code made the Game King exploitable, Nestor concluded, the Double Up option had been a key ingredient the whole time.
They just hadn't known it.
This wasn't best vegas slot machines news at all.
It was the missing link.
It explained why the bug had failed them everywhere but at the Fremont.
Most casinos don't enable Double Up because it's unpopular with players.
But that could easily be changed.
High rollers and slot aficionados often have favorite game variants or features that aren't available by default but can be enabled by any passing slot attendant.
Nestor purchased two dress shirts and caught another flight to Las Vegas, where he joined Kane at Harrah's.
Row after row of Game Kings were waiting, and, true to the plan, the staff didn't hesitate when Kane and Nestor asked for Double Up to be enabled.
There were no limits now.
They could play anywhere and beat the house wherever they went.
Working as a team had its advantages.
While experimenting with the bug, they discovered that they could trigger a jackpot on the same hand more than once: All they had to do was lower the denomination again and repeat the steps to activate the glitch.
They could effectively replay their win over and over, as much as they wanted.
It was a risky play—even the busiest casino might notice the same player repeatedly winning with the same hand.
But now that they were playing together, Kane and Nestor could ride on each other's jackpots.
They could even piggyback on other players' wins.
No longer confined to four low-limit slots at a single casino, they prowled the floor at Harrah's looking for empty machines still showing a player's jackpot.
Once they got an attendant to turn on Double Up, it took only seconds to replay the hand at up to 10 times the original value.
Video poker wasn't even gambling anymore.
As the benefactor of Kane's discovery, Nestor had agreed to give his old friend half his winnings.
But now that the cash was rolling in, he was having second thoughts about the arrangement.
Every jackpot, he realized, was being reported to the IRS, and he'd already won enough from the bug to propel him into a higher tax bracket.
click to see more he paid half to Kane off the top, he might wind up without the reserves to pay his tax debt come April of the following year.
He broached the subject with Kane: He'd be more comfortable holding on to the money until his taxes were paid.
It was just a year.
He'd happily give Kane half of his post-tax winnings then.
Kane was indignant but not surprised; leave it to Nestor to turn even free money into a problem to obsess over.
He insisted Nestor honor his agreement, and Nestor grew more agitated, his voice rising in pitch.
Why am I even doing this?
The tension between the men lingered the next day at the Wynn, a towering upscale supercasino with more than 1,300 slots.
They played side by side, raking in money and continuing to argue over the split.
Nestor was now of the opinion that he shouldn't have to pay Kane anything.
It was Nestor, after all, who'd figured out that the Double Up feature was part of the bug.
That should make them square.
AFTER A NIGHT IN JAIL, AN UPSET KANE CALLED NESTOR.
Nestor gaped at his friend, then he stood and walked away from the machine.
The next day Nestor nursed his hurt feelings with a solo trip to the Rio.
Then he wandered into the high-limit room and found another four aces.
He didn't need Kane at all.
And he wasn't done yet.
There were casinos in Pennsylvania, too, where he could operate without the slightest risk of Kane knowing what he was up to—or demanding a cut https://clearadultskin.com/best/best-casinos-near-el-paso-texas.html front.
After Nestor left, Kane tore into Vegas with a vengeance.
Back in Pennsylvania, Nestor targeted the newly opened casino at the Meadows Racetrack in Washington County.
In contrast to Kane, who played the bug with joyless, businesslike intensity, Nestor was voluble and chatty read article the Meadows.
He dressed smartly and, according to court documents, brought along a small entourage for company: his roommate, a retired cop named Kerry Laverde; and Patrick Loushil, a server at Red Lobster who best vegas slot machines to collect some of Nestor's jackpots for him, so they wouldn't all show up on Nestor's tax bill.
Here, feel my heart!
But it all began to unravel the night Kane found himself waiting for a payout at the Silverton.
The casino's head of security stood just outside the slot area.
Kane paced and huffed, spun the swivel chair back and forth like a metronome, and complained to passing slot attendants.
Finally, three men strode up to him.
The head of security directed Kane to an alcove, handcuffed him, and escorted him away from the video poker machines.
An armed agent from the Gaming Control Board arrived soon after.
He sealed the machines Kane had been playing on with orange evidence tape and collected Kane from the back room, where he'd been handcuffed to a chair.
After a night in jail, Kane was released.
On Monday he called Nestor to warn him that the bug had been discovered.
He sounded more upset than nestor had ever heard him.
It was painful to imagine Kane suffering the indignity of a night in jail, mug shots, fingerprints, being treated like a common criminal.
But after the call, Nestor talked himself into an alternate theory.
What if there'd been no arrest?
What if Visit web page suspected—as he must have—that Nestor was using the bug and had made up the story about the Silverton to scare Nestor into stopping, so Kane could have the exploit all to himself?
He decided to ignore Kane's story and started planning his next trip to the Meadows.
Three days later, in Las Vegas, engineers from the Nevada Gaming Control Board's Technology Division descended on the Silverton.
The forensics investigation of the Game King scam had fallen to John Lastusky, a 25-year-old clean-cut USC computer engineering graduate.
Lastusky pulled up the game history on the two machines Kane had played and reviewed the wins, then slid out the logic trays, the metal shelves housing the Game King's electronic guts, and checked the six EPROMs containing the machines' core logic, graphics, and sound routines.
There was no sign of tampering.
He confiscated the logic trays and packed them up for the trip back to headquarters.
Housed in an anonymous office park near the airport, the GCB's Technology Division was formed in the mid-1980s to police video gambling as it began its Nevada ascent.
The division helps set the rigorous standards that gamemakers like IGT must meet does best payout casino shreveport criticising deploy machines in the Silver State.
A 3,000-square-foot laboratory at the back of the office is packed end to end with slot machines in various states of undress—some powered down, some in maintenance mode, others stripped to their bare electronics, though most are configured as they would be on a gaming floor.
A smaller, locked-down room adjacent to the lab is more important: It houses a permanent repository of the source and executable code for every version of game software ever approved in Nevada—more than 30,000 programs in all.
The code vault is at the center of the gaming board's massive software integrity operation.
Every new addition is carefully examined: Is the random number generator random enough?
Does the game pay out at the advertised rate?
Is there logic where there shouldn't be?
There's a real, if mostly unrealized, danger of gaming software being backdoored.
The concept was proven in 1995, when one of the GCB's own staffers, Ron Harris, went bad.
Harris modified his testing unit to covertly reprogram the EPROMs on the machines he was auditing.
His new software commanded the machine to trigger a jackpot upon a particular sequence of button presses—like a Konami Code for cash.
He was eventually caught, and he served two years in prison.
John Kane and Andre Nestor experi­mented until they could trig­ger it at will.
Locate a Game King video poker machine con­figured for multi-denomination play.
If you're in Las Vegas, you're probably already standing next to one.
Flag down a slot attendant and ask them to enable the Double Up option.
Say thank you and smile until they walk away.
Choose your favorite game variant—Triple Double Bonus Poker is fun—and start playing.
With your royal flush showing but not yet cashed out, hit the More Games button on the touchscreen and select a different game best vegas slot machines />Play it until you score a win.
Insert more money or a voucher into the machine.
Press the Cash Out button.
Once you've signed it, they'll get the machine to spit out a jackpot ticket.
BRATISLAV MILENKOVIC That stain on the board's integrity haunts the division to this day.
But by all evidence, the division's paranoia, coupled with the game industry's self-interest, have kept video gambling code clean and mostly free of exploitable bugs.
That made the Game King case an intriguing puzzle for Live blackjack online usa />Armed with the surveillance footage of Kane in action, Lastusky sat at one of the Game Kings in the lab and began experimenting.
Within a few days he was able to reliably reproduce the exploit himself.
He gave his findings to IGT, which rushed out a warning to its customers advising them to immediately disable the Double Up option.
Every Game King on the planet running a vulnerable version would need a patch.
The upgrade process would be grueling.
When an operating system like Windows or OS X has a security bug, customers can download the patch in a few minutes over the Internet.
Slot machines aren't online.
New programs are burned onto EPROMs by the manufacturer and shipped in the mail in plastic tubes.
Blind to the firestorm erupting in Vegas, Nestor spent the rest of July and most of August playing at the Meadows, until August 31, when the casino finally got suspicious and refused to pay Nestor on a four of a kind.
Nestor protested but walked away, breaking into a run as he reached the parking garage.
The Game King ride was over, but he had enough money to last him forever.
At 1:30 pm on October 6, 2009, a dozen state and local police converged on Andre Nestor's split-level condo on a quiet, tree-lined street in Swissvale.
He was dozing on his living room couch when the banging started.
Nestor says he started toward the stairs, his hands over his head, when he came face-to-face with a trooper in full riot gear.
The cop ratcheted the handcuffs on Nestor's wrists, yanked him to his feet, and marched him into the kitchen.
For the next two hours, Nestor watched helplessly, handcuffed to a kitchen chair, while the police ransacked his neat home.
They flipped over his mattress, ripped insulation from his ceiling, rifled his PC.
At about 4 pm, Nestor's roommate, Laverde, arrived home and was arrested on the spot as an accomplice to Nestor's crimes.
It was the first best vegas slot machines gambling scandal in Pennsylvania since the state had legalized slots in 2004.
The media portrayed Nestor as best vegas slot machines real-life Danny Ocean, and prosecutors hit him with 698 felony counts, ranging from theft to criminal conspiracy.
The district attorney seized every penny of Nestor's winnings and gave it back to the Meadows.
Nestor and Laverde spent about 10 days in the county jail before best slot machine free bail.
A defiant Nestor vowed to fight the case—no jury would convict a gambler, he was certain, for beating a slot machine at its own game.
But on January 3, 2011, when it was time for jury selection, Nestor was hit with another surprise.
Two FBI agents showed up and pulled him from the Washington County courthouse.
The Justice Department had taken over the case.
Nestor and Kane had both been charged federally in Las Vegas.
As the agents walked him to their car, Nestor stopped in front of a television camera and let loose.
They put a machine on the floor, and if it has programming that doesn't take your money and you win on their machine, they will throw you in jail!
Passed in 1986, the CFAA was enacted to punish hackers who remotely crack computers related to national defense or banking.
But in the Internet age read article government had been steadily testing the limits of the law in cases that didn't involve computer intrusion in the usual sense.
Kane and Nestor, the government argued, exceeded their otherwise lawful access to the Game King when they knowingly exploited a bug.
The casinos only authorized gamers to play by the rules of video poker.
The pretrial motions dragged on for more than 18 months, while in the larger legal landscape, the CFAA was going under a microscope for the first time since its passage.
In January 2013, coder and activist Aaron Swartz committed suicide after being charged under the same law for bulk-downloading academic articles without permission, spurring calls for reform.
Three months later, the US Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals threw out computer hacking charges in a closely watched case against David Nosal, a former executive at a corporate recruiting firm who persuaded three employees to leak him information from the firm's lead database.
The Ninth Circuit found that pilfering contacts doesn't become computer hacking just because the data came from a computer instead of a copy machine.
Seeing parallels to the Game King prosecution, the judge overseeing Kane and Nestor's case ordered the government to justify the hacking charge.
Prosecutors had a weak hand, and they knew it.
As a December 3, 2013, trial date approached, the Feds made Kane and Nestor separate but identical offers: The first one to agree to testify against the other would walk away with five years of probation and no jail time.
The old gambling buddies had one more game to play together.
It was the Prisoner's Dilemma.
Without speaking, they both arrived at the optimal strategy: They refused the offer.
A few months later, the Justice Department dropped the last of the charges, and they were free.
Kane and Nestor haven't spoken since 2009.
After his Silverton arrest, Kane began recording classical music in his house and uploading best in slot fire mage 6 2 videos to a YouTube channel.
Last March, after the federal case was dropped, he sent a CD of some of his performances to his high school piano teacher.
Nestor's greatest regret is that he let the Game King bug come between him and Kane.
His roommate, Laverde, signed over Nestor's money in exchange for avoiding a trial of his own.
There are no court filings to suggest that Kane's winnings were seized.
If there's one silver lining, it's that Nestor has been banned from Pennsylvania casinos.
He still gambles occasionally in neighboring states, but his more pressing addiction right now is Candy Crush, which he plays on a cheap Android tablet.
He cleared 515 levels in two months, using a trick he found on the Internet to get extra lives without paying.
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Security Finding a Video Poker Bug Made These Guys Rich—Then Vegas Made Them Pay Michael Friberg John Kane was on a hell of a winning streak.
On July 3, 2009, he walked alone into the high-limit room at the Silverton Casino in Las Vegas and sat down at a video poker machine called the Game King.
On July 3, 2009, he walked alone into the high-limit room at the Silverton Casino in Las Vegas and sat down at a video poker machine called the Game King.
All the while, the casino's director of surveillance, Charles Williams, was peering down at Kane through a camera hidden in a ceiling dome.
Tall, with a high brow and an aquiline nose, the 50-year-old Kane had the patrician bearing of a man better suited to playing a Mozart piano concerto than listening to the chirping of a slot machine.
Even his play was refined: the way he rested his long fingers on the buttons and swept them in a graceful legato, smoothly selecting good cards, discarding bad ones, accepting jackpot after jackpot with the vaguely put-upon air of a creditor finally collecting an overdue debt.
Williams could see that Kane was wielding none of the array of cheating devices that casinos had confiscated from grifters over the years.
He wasn't jamming a light wand in the machine's hopper or zapping the Game King with an electro­magnetic pulse.
He was simply pressing the buttons.
But he was winning far too much, too fast, to be relying on luck alone.
Now Williams knew something was wrong: The cards dealt on the screen were the exact same four deuces and four of clubs that yielded Kane's previous jackpot.
The odds against that were astronomical.
Williams called over the executive in charge of the Silverton's slots, and they reviewed the surveillance tape together.
The evidence was mounting that Kane had found something unthinkable: the kind of thing gamblers dream of, casinos dread, and Nevada regulators have an entire auditing regime to prevent.
He'd found a bug in the most popular video slot in Las Vegas.
He contacted the Silverton's head you best gambling quotes ever all security, a formidable character with slicked-back silver hair and a black suit, and positioned him outside the slot area.
His orders: Make sure John Kane doesn't leave the casino.
Virtuoso pianist John Kane discovered an exploitable software bug in Game King poker machines.
Michael Friberg Kane had discovered the glitch in the Game King three months earlier on the other end of town, at the unpretentious Fremont Hotel and Casino in downtown's Glitter Gulch.
He was overdue for a lucky break.
Since the Game King had gotten its hooks in him years earlier he'd lost between tens of thousands and hundreds of thousands annually.
At his previous haunt, the locals-friendly Boulder Station, he blew half a million dollars in source alone—a pace that earned him enough Player's Club points to pay for his own Game King to play at his home on the outskirts of Vegas, along with technicians to service it.
The machine was just for fun—it didn't pay jackpots.
You put some money in the machine, place a bet of one to five credits, and the computer deals you a poker hand.
Select the cards you want to keep, slap the Draw button, and the machine replaces the discards.
Your final hand determines the payout.
When the first video poker machine hit casinos in the 1970s, it was a phenomenal success—gamblers loved that they could make decisions that affected the outcome instead of just pulling a handle and watching the reels spin.
The patent holder started a company called International Game Technology that debuted on the Nasdaq in 1981.
IGT's key insight was to tap into the vast flexibility offered by computerized gambling.
In 1996, the company perfected its formula with the Game King Multi-Game, which allowed players to choose from several variations on video poker.
Casinos snatched up the Game King, and IGT sold them regular firmware upgrades that added still more games to the menu.
On September 25, 2002, the company released its fifth major revision—Game King 5.
You might also like:The bug survived like a cockroach for the next seven years.
It passed into new revisions, one after another, ultimately infecting 99 different programs installed in thousands of IGT machines around the world.
As far as anyone knows, it went completely undetected until late April 2009, when John Kane was playing at a row of four low-limit Game Kings outside the entrance to a Chinese fast food joint at the Fremont, smoke swirling around him and '90s pop music raining down from the casino sound system.
Kane hadn't even played a new hand, so he knew there was a mistake.
He told a casino attendant about the error, but the worker thought he was joking and gave him the above best roulette spread what anyway.
At that point, Kane could have forgotten the whole thing.
Instead, he called a friend and embarked on the biggest gamble of his life.
Superstitious and prone to hunches, he'd felt it coming for days: April 30, 2009, would be exactly 15 years since Nestor ignored an urge to play a set of numbers that came up in the Pennsylvania lottery Big 4.
That was the story of his life—always playing the right numbers at the wrong time.
Games of chance had been courting and betraying Nestor since he was old enough to gamble.
In 2001 he'd moved to Las Vegas to be closer to the action, answering phones for a bank during the day and wagering his meager paycheck at night.
That's when he met John Kane in an AOL chatroom for Vegas locals.
Though Nestor was 13 years younger than Kane and perpetually flirting with poverty, they developed an intense addicts' friendship.
For about two years he had a stable life, living off public assistance, gambling infrequently, and playing the occasional lottery ticket.
Then Kane called to tell him about a bug he'd found in video poker.
Nestor drove to the airport that night and camped there until the next available flight to Las Vegas.
Kane picked him up at the curb at McCarran airport.
After a quick breakfast, they drove to the Fremont, took adjacent seats at two Game Kings, and went to work.
Kane had some idea of how the glitch operated but hadn't been able to reliably reproduce it.
Working together, the two men began trying different combinations of play, game types, and bet levels, sounding out the bug like bats in the dark.
It turned out the Game King's endless versatility was also its fatal flaw.
In addition to different game variants, the machine lets you choose the base level of your wagers: At the low-limit Fremont machines, you could select six different denomination levels, from 1 cent to 50 cents a credit.
That meant you could play at 1 cent per credit for hours, losing pocket change, until you finally got a good hand—like four aces or a royal flush.
Then you could change to 50 cents a credit and fool the machine into re-awarding your payout check this out the new, higher denomination.
Performing that trick consistently wasn't easy—it involved a complicated misdirection that left the Game King's internal variables in a state of confusion.
But after seven hours rooted to their seats, Kane and Nestor boiled it down to a step-by-step recipe that would work every time.
Nestor and Kane each rang up a few jackpots, then broke for a celebratory dinner, at which they planned their next move.
They would have to expand beyond the Fremont before the casino noticed how much read article were winning.
Fortunately, Game Kings are ubiquitous in Vegas, installed everywhere from the corner 7-Eleven to the toniest luxury casino.
They mapped out their campaign and then headed back to Kane's home for the night.
Kane lived in a spacious house at the far northeast edge of town.
His Game King was in the foyer.
A spare bedroom down read article hall was devoted entirely to a model train set, an elaborate, detailed miniature with tracks snaking and climbing through model towns, up hills, across bridges, and through tunnels, every detail perfect.
The home's centerpiece was the living room with its three Steinway grand pianos.
Kane is a virtuoso pianist; in the early 1980s he was a leading dance accompanist in the Chicago area, and even today he sells recordings under the vanity label Keynote Records.
He left the professional music world only after failing to advance in the prestigious Van Cliburn International Piano Competition.
Now he ran a manage­ment consulting practice that claimed one-third of the Fortune 100 as clients.
Kane's business was lucrative, so he was accustomed to handling money.
But now that they were on the verge of a windfall, he was worried about Nestor; he could see his younger friend returning every cent to the casinos at the roulette tables or blowing it all on frivolities.
He wanted Nestor to make a list and really think through his priorities.
Nestor started a list, but it would prove unnecessary.
After another day at the Best ios game, they branched out.
To their surprise, the button sequence didn't work.
Over the following days, they explored the Hilton, the Cannery, then the Stratosphere, Terrible's, the Hard Rock, the Tropicana, the Luxor, and five other casinos, drawing the same dismal results everywhere.
For some reason, the Game King glitch was only present at the Fremont.
Kane decided to wring what he could from the four Fremont machines.
He learned to speed up the process by using the Game King's Double Up feature, which gave players a chance to double their winnings or lose everything.
Respectable payouts that might once have satisfied Kane were garbage now.
Unsurprisingly, the Fremont noticed.
In modern casinos, every slot machine in the house is wired to a central server, where statistical deviations stick out like a fifth ace.
On May 25, a slot manager approached Kane after one of his wins and announced that he was disabling the Double Up feature on all of the Game Kings—he was aware that Kane used the option copiously, and he figured it must have something to do with his run of luck.
Kane took the development in stride: The bug, not the Double Up, was the real secret of his success.
But he was in for a shock.
The next time he played the Game King, the magic button sequence no longer worked.
In an instant, the Fremont was no better than all the other casinos that had been immune to the glitch.
He phoned Nestor, who processed the news.
With the Double Up option turned on, the bug worked; turned off, it didn't.
Whatever internal stew of code made the Game King exploitable, Nestor concluded, the Double Up option had been a key ingredient the whole time.
They just hadn't known it.
This wasn't bad news at all.
It was the missing link.
It explained why the bug had failed them everywhere but at the Fremont.
Most casinos don't enable Double Up because it's unpopular with players.
But that could easily be changed.
High rollers and slot aficionados often have favorite game variants or features that aren't available by default but can be enabled by any passing slot attendant.
Nestor purchased two dress shirts and caught another flight to Las Vegas, where he joined Kane at Harrah's.
Row after row of Game Kings were waiting, and, true to the plan, the staff didn't hesitate when Kane and Nestor asked for Double Up to be enabled.
best casinos in puerto rico were no limits now.
They could play anywhere and beat the house wherever they went.
Working as a team had its advantages.
While experimenting with the bug, they discovered that they could trigger a jackpot on the same hand more than once: All they had to do was lower the denomination again and repeat the steps to activate the glitch.
They could effectively replay their win over and over, as much as they wanted.
It was a risky play—even the busiest casino might notice the same player repeatedly winning with the same hand.
But now that they were playing together, Kane and Nestor could ride on each other's jackpots.
They could even piggyback on other players' wins.
No longer confined to four low-limit slots at a single casino, they prowled the floor at Harrah's looking for empty machines still showing a player's jackpot.
Once they got an attendant to turn on Double Up, it took only seconds to replay the hand go here up to 10 times the original value.
Video poker wasn't even gambling anymore.
As the benefactor of Kane's discovery, Nestor had agreed to give his old friend half his winnings.
But now that the cash was rolling in, he was having second thoughts about the arrangement.
Every jackpot, he realized, was being reported to the IRS, and he'd already won enough from the bug to propel him into a higher tax bracket.
If he paid half to Kane off the top, he might wind up without the reserves to pay his tax debt come April of the following year.
He broached the subject with Kane: He'd be more comfortable holding on to the money until his taxes were paid.
It was just a year.
He'd happily give Kane half of his post-tax winnings then.
Kane was indignant but not surprised; leave it to Nestor to turn even free money into a problem to obsess over.
He insisted Nestor honor his agreement, and Nestor grew more agitated, his voice rising in pitch.
Why am I even doing this?
The tension between the men lingered the next day at the Wynn, a towering upscale supercasino with more than 1,300 slots.
They played side by side, raking in money and continuing to argue over the split.
Nestor was now of the opinion that he shouldn't have to pay Kane anything.
It was Nestor, after all, who'd figured out that the Double Up feature was part of the bug.
That should make them square.
AFTER A NIGHT IN JAIL, AN UPSET KANE CALLED NESTOR.
Nestor gaped at his friend, then he stood and walked away from the machine.
The next day Nestor nursed his hurt feelings with a solo trip to the Rio.
Then he wandered into the high-limit room and found another four aces.
He didn't need Kane at all.
And he wasn't done yet.
There were casinos in Pennsylvania, too, where he could operate without the slightest risk of Kane knowing what he was up to—or demanding a cut up front.
After Nestor left, Kane tore into Vegas with a vengeance.
Back in Pennsylvania, Nestor targeted the newly opened casino at the Meadows Racetrack in Washington County.
In contrast to Kane, who played the bug with joyless, businesslike intensity, Nestor was voluble and chatty at the Meadows.
He dressed smartly and, according to court documents, brought along a small entourage for company: his roommate, a retired cop named Kerry Laverde; and Patrick Loushil, a server at Red Lobster who agreed to collect some of Nestor's jackpots for him, so they wouldn't all show up on Nestor's tax bill.
Here, feel my heart!
But it all began to unravel the night Kane found himself waiting for a payout at the Silverton.
The casino's head of security stood just outside the slot area.
Kane paced and huffed, spun the swivel chair back and forth like a metronome, and complained to passing slot attendants.
Finally, three men strode up to him.
The head of security directed Kane to an alcove, handcuffed him, and escorted him away from the video poker machines.
An armed agent from the Gaming Control Board arrived soon after.
He sealed the machines Kane had been playing best vegas slot machines with orange evidence tape and collected Kane from the back room, where he'd been handcuffed to a chair.
After a night in jail, Kane was released.
On Monday he called Nestor to warn him that the bug had been discovered.
He sounded more upset than nestor had ever heard him.
It was painful to imagine Kane suffering the indignity of a night in jail, mug shots, fingerprints, being treated like a common criminal.
But after the call, Nestor talked himself into an alternate theory.
What if there'd been no arrest?
What if Kane suspected—as he must best live casino software providers Nestor was using the bug and had made up the story about the Silverton to scare Nestor into stopping, so Kane could have the exploit all to himself?
He decided to ignore Kane's story and 10 best in vegas planning his next trip to the Meadows.
Three days later, in Las Vegas, engineers from the Nevada Gaming Control Board's Technology Division descended on the Silverton.
The forensics investigation of the Game King scam had fallen to John Lastusky, a 25-year-old clean-cut USC computer engineering graduate.
Lastusky pulled up the game history on the two machines Kane had played and reviewed the wins, then slid out the logic trays, the metal shelves housing the Game King's electronic guts, and checked the six EPROMs containing the machines' core logic, graphics, and sound routines.
There was no sign of tampering.
He confiscated the logic trays and packed them up for the trip back to headquarters.
Housed in an anonymous office park near the airport, the Best vegas slot machines Technology Division was formed in the mid-1980s to police video gambling as it began its Nevada ascent.
The division helps set the rigorous standards that gamemakers like IGT must meet to deploy machines in the Silver State.
A 3,000-square-foot laboratory at the back of the office is packed end to end with slot machines in various states of undress—some powered down, some in maintenance mode, others stripped to their bare electronics, though most are configured as they would be on a gaming floor.
A smaller, locked-down room adjacent to the lab is more important: It houses a permanent repository of the source and executable code for every best vegas slot machines of game software ever approved in Nevada—more than 30,000 programs in all.
The code vault is at the center of the gaming board's massive software integrity operation.
Every new addition is carefully examined: Is the random number generator random enough?
Does the game pay out at the advertised rate?
Is there logic where there shouldn't be?
There's a real, if mostly unrealized, danger of gaming software being backdoored.
The concept was proven in 1995, when one of the Best vegas slot machines own staffers, Ron Harris, went bad.
Harris modified his testing unit to covertly reprogram the EPROMs on the machines he was auditing.
His new software commanded the machine to trigger a jackpot upon a particular sequence of button presses—like a Konami Code for cash.
He was eventually caught, and he served two years in prison.
John Kane and Andre Nestor experi­mented until they could trig­ger it at will.
Locate a Game King video poker machine con­figured for multi-denomination play.
If you're in Las Vegas, you're probably already standing next to one.
Flag down a slot attendant and ask them to enable the Double Up option.
Say thank you and smile until they walk away.
Choose your favorite game variant—Triple Double Bonus Poker is fun—and start playing.
With your royal flush showing but not yet cashed out, hit the More Games button on the touchscreen and select a different game variation.
Play it until you score a win.
Insert more money or a voucher into the machine.
Press the Cash Out button.
Once you've signed it, they'll get the machine to spit out a jackpot ticket.
BRATISLAV MILENKOVIC That stain on the board's integrity haunts the division to this day.
But by all evidence, the division's paranoia, coupled with the game industry's self-interest, have kept video gambling code clean and mostly free of exploitable bugs.
That made the Game King case an intriguing puzzle for Lastusky.
Armed with the surveillance footage of Kane in action, Lastusky sat at one of the Game Kings in the lab and began experimenting.
Within a few days he was able to reliably reproduce the exploit himself.
He gave his findings to IGT, which rushed out a warning to its customers advising them to immediately disable the Double Up option.
Every Game King on the planet running a vulnerable version would need a patch.
The upgrade process would be grueling.
When an operating system like Windows or OS X has a security bug, customers can download the patch in a few minutes over the Internet.
Slot machines aren't online.
New programs are burned onto EPROMs by the manufacturer and shipped in the mail in plastic tubes.
Blind to the firestorm erupting in Vegas, Nestor spent the rest of July and most of August playing at the Meadows, until August 31, when the casino finally got suspicious and refused to pay Nestor on a four of a kind.
Nestor protested but walked away, breaking into a run as he reached the parking garage.
The Game King ride was over, but he had enough money to last him forever.
At 1:30 pm on October 6, 2009, a dozen state and local police converged on Andre Nestor's split-level condo on a quiet, tree-lined street in Swissvale.
He was dozing on his living room couch when the banging started.
Nestor says he started toward the stairs, his hands over his head, when he came face-to-face with a trooper in full riot gear.
The cop ratcheted the handcuffs on Nestor's wrists, yanked him to his feet, and marched him into the kitchen.
For the next two hours, Nestor watched helplessly, handcuffed to a kitchen chair, while the police ransacked his neat home.
They flipped over his mattress, ripped insulation from his ceiling, rifled his PC.
At about 4 pm, Nestor's roommate, Laverde, arrived home and was arrested on the spot as an accomplice to Nestor's crimes.
It was the first major gambling scandal in Pennsylvania since the state had legalized slots in 2004.
The media portrayed Nestor as a real-life Danny Ocean, and prosecutors hit him with 698 felony counts, ranging from theft to criminal conspiracy.
The district attorney seized every penny of Nestor's winnings and gave it back to the Meadows.
Nestor and Laverde spent about 10 days in the county jail before making bail.
A defiant Nestor vowed to fight the case—no jury would convict a gambler, he was certain, for beating a slot machine at its own game.
But on January 3, 2011, when it was time for jury selection, Nestor was hit with another surprise.
Two FBI agents showed up and pulled him from the Washington County courthouse.
The Justice Department had taken over the case.
Nestor and Kane had both been charged federally in Las Vegas.
As the agents walked him to their car, Nestor stopped in front of a television camera and let loose.
They put a machine on the floor, and if it has programming that doesn't take your money and you win on their machine, they will throw you in jail!
Passed in 1986, the CFAA was enacted to punish hackers who remotely crack computers related to national defense or banking.
But in the Internet age the government had been steadily testing the limits of the law in cases that didn't involve computer intrusion in the usual sense.
Kane and Nestor, the government argued, exceeded their otherwise lawful access to the Game King when they knowingly exploited a bug.
The casinos only authorized gamers to play by the rules of video poker.
The pretrial motions dragged on for more than 18 months, while in the larger legal landscape, the CFAA was going under a microscope for the first time since its passage.
In January 2013, coder and activist Aaron Swartz committed suicide after being charged under the same law for bulk-downloading academic articles without permission, spurring calls for reform.
Three months later, the US Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals threw out computer hacking charges in a closely watched case against David Nosal, a former executive at a corporate recruiting firm who persuaded three employees to leak him information from the firm's lead database.
The Ninth Circuit found that pilfering contacts doesn't become computer hacking just because the data came from a computer instead of a copy machine.
Seeing parallels to the Game King prosecution, the judge overseeing Kane and Nestor's case ordered the government to justify the hacking charge.
Prosecutors had a weak hand, and they knew it.
As a December 3, 2013, trial date approached, the Feds made Kane and Nestor separate but identical offers: The first one to agree to testify against the other would walk away with five years of probation and no jail time.
The old gambling buddies had one more game to play together.
It was the Prisoner's Dilemma.
Without speaking, they both arrived at the optimal strategy: They refused the offer.
A few months later, the Justice Department dropped the last of the charges, and they were free.
Kane and Nestor haven't spoken since 2009.
After his Silverton arrest, Kane began recording classical music in his house and uploading the videos to a YouTube channel.
Last March, after the federal case was dropped, he sent a CD of some of his performances to his high school piano teacher.
Nestor's greatest regret is that he let the Game King bug come between him and Kane.
His roommate, Laverde, signed over Nestor's money in exchange for avoiding a trial of his own.
There are no court filings to suggest that Kane's winnings were seized.
If there's one silver lining, it's that Nestor has been banned from Pennsylvania casinos.
He still gambles occasionally in neighboring states, but his more pressing addiction right now is Candy Crush, which he plays on a cheap Android tablet.
He cleared 515 levels in two months, using a trick he found on the Internet to get extra lives without paying.
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